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The Armchair by Marcel Breuer: Cesca

The most famous armchair by Marcel Breuer, Hungarian designer and architect (one of the most important representative of Modernism in Europe) surely is the “cesca” model. The name of this armchair derives by the name of the adoptive daughter of Marcel Breuer, Francesca.

The cesca armchair by Marcel Breuer is a cantilever chair (as know as shelter chair) and is one of the first of this kind of chair: it’s not the absolutely first (and this because the paternity of this creation was recognized to Dutch architect Stam, for only a few years) but is surely one of the most famous in this segment of furniture model. Also is the first cantilever chair that fix the well kwon typical characteristics of this model.

A champion of the modern movement and protégé of Bauhaus founder Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer is equally celebrated for his achievements in architecture and furniture. Breuer was a student and subsequently a master carpenter at the Bauhaus in the early 1920s. His entire body of work, both architecture and furniture, embodies the driving Bauhaus objective to reconcile art and industry. While at the Bauhaus, Breuer revolutionized the modern interior with his tubular-steel furniture collection — inspired by bicycle construction and fabricated using the techniques of local plumbers.

His first designs, including the Wassily, remain among the most identifiable icons of the modern furniture movement.
The cesca armchair by Marcel breuer shows another particular characteristic, typical of the entire creative work of the Hungarian designer and that characterizes  in a clear way this model of chair. Indeed for this model of chair Marcel Breur choose various and different materials and mixed them together in an equilibrated ensemble. 

Indeed the Hungarian designer for this model of chair chose in the first place a light and modern material like the steel (the members of Modernism use steel often) that he used to made the framework of the armchair. Particularly the tubular chromed steel is a material that offers a great solidity with beauty, modernity and elegance.

After completing the Wassily, Breuer felt that the potential grace of the material was not yet fully exploited. The Wassily design was very much influenced by the constructivist theories of the Dutch De Stjil movement. A familiar form — in this case the classic club chair — reduced to its elemental lines and planes. The result was an overlapping, dense arrangement of leather and tubing. For the Cesca chairs Breuer sought to better celebrate the new material.

An attempt to reduce visual noise led him to the continuous line of steel supporting a cantilevered seat — one of the most copied concepts in 20th century furniture.

If you buy a cesca armchair by Marcel Breuer for your home or your office, you will get a modern chair , with an unique style and elegance. This chair is solid (thanks to the framework made in steel) but at the same time comfortable. And its dimension and elegance made it a model that can be used with a various kind of furniture.

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